By Rick Propas [Note: A list of sources and additional reading is to be found at the end of this piece. Rather this is meant to be a readable introduction to Pelikans for beginning collectors and newcomers] The history of Pelikan begins with Germany’s industrial revolution in the early nineteenth century and continues into the global economy of today. During that period, the firm has consistently been a technological leader, even as its fortunes rose and fell. Eight years later Wagner took over the business giving it his name and expanding it into office supplies. In , Wagner added the name of Pelikan, from one of the elements in his family crest. Although Wagner was late to enter the field, they revolutionized the manufacture of German fountain pens with the first piston filler. Today, collectors from around the world put huge amounts of money, time, and energy into collecting what began as a homely little expression of German modernist pen design.
Dating Parker 75 Pens
Men’s Business And Money Write It Down With Top 15 Best Pens for Men A man of distinction needs the right tool for every job, so why settle for cheap plastic pens that glob ink all over your important papers or dry up at the worst possible moment? Having a pen that works for you when you need it not only shows your professionalism, but can make writing by hand all the more comfortable. If you are in the market for an awesome writing implement, here are fifteen options that offer a great, smooth line for all types of jobs.
Although it is a fountain pen, the nib is fully retractable.
A new Message Board dedicated to beginners! We often hear comments by people just getting interested in fountain pens, complaining that they could not easily find a space where they could ask newbie questions or find basic reference material.
Some sources indicate that the model was produced as far back as , there’s even a dating in the official Parker archives that states that one of the Victories in there was manufactured in This is however highly unlikely, for several reasons. First of all the Victories were manufactured in the UK only and it is highly unlikely that Parker and the Valentine Pen Company, which was later to become the UK Parker factory, had started their co-operation that early.
Secondly the name Victory indicates that the production was in line with the war effort, but by even if Hitler had begun his world domination planning, the war was still four years away. Thirdly most Victory pens have gold nibs clearly marked with an “N” to denote that they were made in Newhaven, an imprinting that begun only in Parker had had a subsidiary in the UK since at least , as shown by old ads. First there was only marketing and a selling force.
The setup worked fine, until World War II, when shipping became increasingly more risky. Everything was salvaged by divers and painstakingly cleaned by the Parker workers, but the vulnerability was evident. Furthermore Parker had recently been evicted from the prominent address of Bush House in London, since the government needed the facilities for wartime BBC radio transmissions. Parker were offered new premises in the then more run-down district of Grosvenor Gardens.
Parker were not happy with this change and decided to try to find a local manufacturing solution for the European market. Some sources indicate that Parker already from time to time had had a co-operation with the Valentine Pen Company, in Newhaven, starting in the late ‘s.
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For those of you who want to wear your allegiance to Pelikan front and center, we are pleased to offer these belt buckles. They are cast in bronze by a leading pen collector who is also a jewellry maker. We can also offer them in sterling silver. Click here to buy this item or get more info.
But first, a quick highlight reel from February Warby Parker turned two years learned how to verbalize pronouns, wash our own hands, and draw a vertical line. March We launched the Citizen’s Circus at SXSW in glorious days of music, active citizenship, local beer, and yurts.
All of these new products followed the new angular Sheaffer profile, a design style established in by the introduction of the Sheaffer Pen For Men or PFM. Some of the Imperial pen models are close enough in design and features that they actually look like slender PFMs and thus are often confused with their bigger siblings. Sheaffer simplified the manufacture of the new Imperial by dropping the complex Snorkel filling system in favor of the simpler Touchdown system, a move that reduced the cost of the pen, though Sheaffer positioned the new pen in the premium price category, just below the PFM.
Initially, the Imperial was Touchdown-only, but Sheaffer quickly followed with cartridge versions. Sheaffer Lifetime and Imperial Touchdown Pens c When the new Imperial line was introduced to dealers in January, , Sheaffer was giving the biggest push to the Compact Cartridge pen, a new premium price cartridge only pen and the highest priced cartridge pen in the stable. Although not called an Imperial, it, too closely followed the PFM design and therefore has a definite family resemblance to the Imperial.
Cartridge pens had previously been relegated to the popular price category, but the new Compact Cartridge pen broke through this barrier with a premium price offering. This bold move opened the door for other premium priced cartridge pens, including later cartridge Imperials. The first two Imperial models, introduced in , were the Imperial IV, a White Dot model with a matching solid color molded plastic cap and barrel, and the Imperial VI, with the same molded plastic barrel, but given a polished stainless steel cap.
Both models were given the royal treatment with a gold-filled clip and cap band and a 14 karat gold nib. This new lower priced line, introduced in and made through , were known only by model number: The Dolphin pens were available as cartridge and Touchdown pens. Collectors today will generally refer to any Imperial style pens as Imperials, and these came in a host of variations at many price points over the life of the line, including Touchdown versions from through the early s, and cartridge and converter models available from the very first through the end of the s.
There are many Imperial variants that Sheaffer chose not to give the Imperial name, including the Imperial precursor called the Target, the Compact Cartridge pens, the “Dolphin” cartridge and Touchdown pens, the Lifetime, and the s Triumph pens.
How to Date a Parker 51 Fountain Pen
I also prefer very, very fine nibs, and they tend to present this sort of feel more than broader nibs. But why do certain nibs perform differently to others? Why is it that even two supposedly identical nibs can write differently to each other? What matters is how the nib is made, not what it is made from. There are normally one of a few main materials in the body of a nib: Gold is used because it is very flexible when compared to steel.
The greatest of the reformers, Martin Luther (), was born more than a century after Huss. He was a German priest and professor of theology.
Hallmarks and other markings 4. Date codes on Parker Pens Updated Oct In mid Parker began marking most pens and pencils with a date code, both the barrel and the nibs were marked, but lacking a date code doesn’t necessarily mean that the pen was made pre , since many imprints have been worn off with use. The first date codes, found for example on the Vacumatics, consists of two digits, the first one denoting the quarter of production, the second denoting the production year.
Hence a “47” marking on a ‘s pen indicate that the pen was produced in the fourth quarter of , not , which is a common misconception. In the second quarter of this system was however changed to save production time, and a new date code, using a system of dots, was adopted. The stamp initially had three dots and for each quarter one dot was filed down leaving none for the fourth quarter. Since production was overlapping examples exist with either the imprint 28 or.
Newcastle Pen Show
None of the great writers before that time, from Aristophanes to Shakespeare to Dickens, were in a position to enjoy such an instrument. Even Thomas Jefferson, who later in life sampled an early reservoir pen, had to fall back on the quill to draft the U. The “final” copy of the D of I, with all of the famous signatures John Hancock et.
For all the buying guides out there on the internet, few talk about fountain pens specifically. Maybe it’s because there aren’t enough fountain pen blogs (like this one) or maybe it’s because not many people actually know how to buy a great pen.
Click on the image for a larger view! The colours of the Vacumatic Parker 51’s and the Aerometric Parker 51’s. The Parker “51” took eleven years to develope but Parker sold over 20 million pens during more than 30 years! Parker spent the same amount in dollars to promote the pen, but in reached million dollars in sales. A pretty good investment, eh? It was named the Parker “51” because Parker felt that they needed a name that wouldn’t be hard to pronounce in any country and also easy to remember.
Also at this time Route 51 was built through Janesville and it is quite probable that this also was a reason for the the name. Furthermore It also came out of research in , the 51’st anniversary for the Parker Pen Company. The Parker “51” Mark II is probably the most functional fountain pen ever made.
Parker Date-Codes Reference
Jump to summary chart For those of us concerned with when a pen was made, Parker is the sweetest of all makers, in that many of their pen actually have a date printed right on them. Not only the year, but which quarter of the year, will appear, giving a very clear sense of just how old the pen is. While modern Parkers that follow this practice mark only the barrel or cap of the pen, vintage pens generally have a code on the barrel and on the point. One generally takes the barrel as definitive of the age of the pen as a unit, since caps, barrels and blind caps were usually all made together, and swapping tends to show.
This is the first in a long list of guides all about fountain pens, ink, and everything that makes a fountain pen what it is. Fountain pens are one of the most difficult writing instruments to get used to after coming from ballpoints or pencils, and maintaining them can sometimes be just as.
How do I Date a Cross Pen? Cross has been a Rhode Island maker of pencils and pens since , but made stylographic pens, not fountain pens, for the first 80 years. The stylographic pen was the precursor to the ballpoint pen, according to the Cross website. Dating a Cross pen is difficult, as the company has no dating system conveyed on the pen. Check your Cross pen with a magnifying glass at the clip area and just above the clip to read the information as to where the pen was made.
The fountain pen was not made by Cross until about , reports Vintage Pens website.
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Parker 45 This pen was based upon an earlier design made by Eversharp, whose pen division Parker acquired in , and was released in as the Parker 45 in honour of the famous western revolver guns and as a reference to the fact that it could be loaded with cartridges as well as a squeezey ink converter. Aimed at the school pen market the new Parker 45 was simple to use and cheap to produce and became a great success, so much so that Parker realising that they were on to a winner began to produce more upmarket versions in metal known as Parker 45 Flighters which eventually led to a even more variations, colours and finishes.
The 45 was eventually discontinued in after an amazing production run that saw a huge number of varieties and colours produced, but all using the same shell, nib and ink system fitting making parts almost totally interchangeable between pens. For the collector the most easily recognisable part is the small triangular half hooded nib, available in gold, gold plate and steel, which can be unscrewed as a unit with the collar and ink feeder.
There are numerous Parker 45 copies, notably by Hero Pens China and Wilson Pens India so look for the “Parker” engraving on the cap and the ink converter as well as on the nib itself under the collar hood.
Pendemonium is your source for fountain pens and writing collectibles. Fountain pen collectors and enthusiasts will enjoy our selection of both modern/new and vintage/antique fountain pens and related items. At Pendemonium fountain pen collectors will find fountain pen inks, pen storage, reference books, writing papers and journals, pen repair supplies, and information on upcoming pen shows.
They can be easily distinguished from later production by several unique characteristics. All pens of this period are double jewels, meaning that they have a decorative “jewel” at the top of the cap and at the end of the barrel. The imprint on the majority of these pens is at the end of the barrel, near the decorative “jewel”, all in one line.
Parker “51” Made in USA. They may or may not have a “1” datecode after the imprint. Some collectors speculate that the ones without a datecode are really pre-production models from